Categorization refers to the process of recognising and understanding concepts and experiences. Meaning, these concepts and experiences are categorized by using a systematic basis such as the commonalities and purposes. The process of
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Categorization is a core issue particularly in Cognitive Linguistics. This is the reason why it is considered to be the main principle of linguistic as well as conceptual organization. Nevertheless, categorization in the field of Cognitive Linguistics varies radically from the model of the Classical Aristotle approach.
Preferably, a category presents a relationship between involved objects and subjects of knowledge. Aside from its essentiality in decision making and language, it is also fundamental in interference, prediction and other kinds of interaction in the environment.
There are number of techniques and theories that are associated with categorization. In historical perspectives, however, there are three general approaches which have been identified namely classical categorization, conceptual, clustering and prototype theory.
Classical Categorization has been primarily developed in the perspectives of the Western Philosophy particularly in the work presented by Plato. With this, Plato has introduced this approach by focusing on the similarities of the object by grouping them. The said approach has been further systematized as it has appeared in the work of Aristotle reflected in his output which is the Categories treatise.
The categories treatise illuminates the differences between the objects and classes. Furthermore, Aristotle has also carried out the classical categorization scheme in working with his approach to classifying living things. It is on this approach that successive narrowing questions are relevant in the categorization process.
The classical categorization points out that categories are unique entities that are characterized by sets of characteristics which are similar to the members. In the view of analytic philosophy, such properties are claimed to create conditions that are sufficient and necessary to get the meaning. Furthermore, the classical view also stress out that categories should be defined in the clearest way possible. Not only that, they should also be mutually exclusive.
Logical misconception where in dissimilar subjects or objects of knowledge are categorized based on their illogical similar commonalities is referred as Miscategorization. The common denominators that categorize the objects can be traced by virtual aspects or context. One of the most common ways of doing this is over-categorization of objects, concepts or entities. After that, they are subjected to miscategorization according to dissimilar variable that they have.
Since categorization refers to the process of organizing or sorting subjects or objects or any other category, this process tends to have the same meaning with classification, compartmentalization and assortment.